Vaginal dryness: what it is and how to treat it

Vaginal dryness is a problem that affects many women. Although it is usually associated with menopause, it can affect you at any stage of your life. If you have ever noticed discomfort in your intimate area related to dryness, we explain what may be the cause and how to relieve it.


There are two elements that contribute to good vaginal health: flora and mucosa. Under normal conditions, the wall of the vagina produces a natural lubricant (mucosa) that helps keep the area hydrated. In parallel, a good state of the vaginal flora or microbiota, which are the set of microorganisms that inhabit and protect the vagina naturally and without causing harm, also contributes to good health. When this balance between both is broken, it is when the vaginal dryness occurs, that is to say, the diminution of the vaginal flow and bad hydration.

Although it is usually a benign condition, it can sometimes be the first symptom of vaginal atrophy, an injury that must be treated appropriately. Therefore, it is always advisable to visit a gynecologist to evaluate it.

It can cause pain during sexual intercourse or burning when urinating. Also, the most common symptoms are irritation, feeling of tightness, pain, burning or itching, and little or almost no flow. It is a frequent symptom of discomfort and can affect the quality of life of women.


There are multiple factors that can cause vaginal dryness:

Take hormonal contraceptives.
Hormone medication, like the one, indicated to treat breast cancer, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, or infertility.
The strong episodes of stress
A vaginal infection
Another of the most common causes is the fall of estrogen, such as during menopause, a stage in which 40% of women suffer from this pathology.

Some habits can also cause or worsen the symptoms: the use of aggressive soaps, many perfumes or lotions, clothes that do not sweat, compresses and perfumed tampons, smoking, Etc.


Dryness is usually treated with a vaginal moisturizer. It is a gel that is introduced into the vaginal cavity to moisten the area, and discomfort disappear. It is recommended that this product does not contain dyes or perfumes. Gynea, our line of health for women, has Melagyn® Vaginal Moisturizer among its range of products. Contains MPCTM (Milk Protein Complex), Gotu kola (with regenerative effect), hyaluronic acid (provides extra hydration) and tea tree (softens the itch).

To improve the sensations during sexual intercourse, a lubricant is usually recommended. It is preferable that it has an aqueous base to help hydration and to be compatible with the use of condoms.

In the case that the vaginal dryness does not remit or if the symptoms are intense, the gynecologist can recommend other treatments as, for example, topical hormonal therapy with ovules or vaginal creams.

On the other hand, the treatment indicated by the doctor should be added healthy gynecological habits.


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